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SIMILARITIES BETWEEN ISLAM AND CHRISTIANITY
by Dr. Zakir Naik

Al-Qur'an 3:64

Al-Qur'an 20:25-28
Greet you in the same manner as Jesus (pbuh) greeted in Hebrew Luke 24:36
‘Sholam alay kum’
or Islamic greeting in Arabic Assalaamu alai kum
both meaning ‘Peace be on you’.

        INTRODUCTION

Similarities / Similar Teachings in the Qur’an and the Bible which Muslims follow but Christians don't


I  ISLAM
    
1.  DEFINITION
        
A.  Meaning of Islam
            
(i)  Islam is derived from the word salaam meaning peace.
            
(ii) Submission to the Will of Allah (swt) i.e. God Almighty.
        
B. Meaning of ‘Muslim’ – One who submits his will to Allah.
        
C. Islam is not a new religion found by Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).
    
2.  MESSENGERS IN ISLAM
        
A.     
(i) To every nation was sent a Guide or a Messenger

Al-Qur'an 35:24
Al-Qur'an 13:7
(ii) 25 Prophets mentioned by name in the Qur'an
            
(iii) Islam is the only non-Christian faith that believes in Jesus (pbuh)
            
(iv) Stories only of some prophets mentioned in Qur'an
Al-Qur'an 4:164
Al-Qur'an 40:78
            
(v)  More than 1,24,000 Messengers according to Hadith
        
B.     
(i)  Previous Messengers were only sent for their people and nation and their complete message was meant only for a particular time period.
            
(ii)  Moses (pbuh) was only sent for the Jews.
            
(iii) Jesus (pbuh) sent only for the Jews i.e. lost sheep of Israel.
Al-Qur'an 3:49
Mathew 10:5-6
Mathew 15:24
            
(iv) Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is the Last and Final Messenger for the Whole of Mankind.
Al-Qur'an 33:40
Al-Qur'an 21:107
Al-Qur'an 34:28
Sahih Bukhari Vol.1 Book of Salaah Chapter 56 Hadith No. 429
            
(v)   Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) prophesised in the Bible.
Al-Qur'an 7:157
Al-Qur'an 61:6
Deuteronomy 18:18
Isaiah 29:12
Song of Solomon 5:16
John 16:7
John 16:12-14
    
3. REVELATIONS OF GOD
        
A.  Several Revelations sent by Allah – Al-Qur'an 13:38.
By name only four are mentioned in the Qur’an.
        
B.     
(i)  The Qur’an is the Last and Final Revelation.
            
(ii) All previous Revelations before Qur'an were only sent for a particular group of people and for a particular time period
            
(iii) The Qur’an was Revealed for the Whole of Mankind
Al-Qur'an 14:1
Al-Qur'an 14:52
Al-Qur'an 2:185
Al-Qur'an 39:41

II  PILLARS OF ISLAM:
    
1.  Tauheed: Monotheism
        
A.  La ilaha ilallahu, Muhammad-ur-Rasoolullah  Sahih Bukhari Vol. 1 Hadith No. 7
        
B.    Believe in Allah and the Last Day, and the Angels and the Book and the Messengers.  Al-Qur'an 2:177
        
C.   Come to common terms — Worship of one God  Al-Qur'an 3:64
        
D. Concept of God
Al-Qur'an 112:1-4
Deuteronomy 6:4
Mark 12:29
        
E. Shirk – Biggest Sin
Al-Qur'an 4:48
Al-Qur'an 4:116
Exodus 20:2-5
Deuteronomy 5:7-9
        
F.    Jesus (pbuh) not God. He never claimed Divinity
Al-Qur'an 5:72
John 14:28
John 10:29
Mathew 12:28
Luke 11:20
John 5:30
Acts 2:21
        
G. 99 Attributes of Almighty God
Al-Qur'an 17:110
        
H.  Prefer using name ‘Allah’ rather than the word ‘God’ as the word ‘God’ can be played around with. Allah in the Bible – Eli, Eli, Lama Sabachthani
Mark 15:34
Mathew 27:46
    
2.   Salaah
        
A. Not merely Prayers but Programming
Al-Qur'an 5:90
Al-Qur'an 2:188
        
B. Prayers restrain you from shameful and unjust deeds
Al-Qur'an 29:45
C.   Salaah timings – for healthy soul five times a day
Al-Qur'an 17:78
Al-Qur'an 20:130
        
D.  Take off shoes before entering mosque.
            
(i) Commandment of Allah to Moses
Al-Qur'an 20:11-12
Exodus 3:5
Acts 7:33
            
(ii) Can Pray with Shoes.
Sunan Abu Dawood – Vol. 1, Book of Salaah, Chapter 240, Hadith No. 652-653.

            
(iii) Hygienic
        
E. Ablution
            
(i)   

Al-Qur'an 5:6
Exodus 40:31-32
Acts 21:26

            
(ii)   Hygienic
            
(iii)  Mental Preparation
        
F. Stand shoulder to shoulder, while praying –

Sahih Bukhari – Vol. 1, Book of Adhan Chapter 75 Hadith no. 692
Abu Dawood – Vol. 1, Book of Salaah Chapter 245 Hadith No. 666.

        
G.  Sujud – Prostration
            
(i)  To humble your mind, humble your body
            
(ii)  Sujud mentioned 92 times in the Qur’an

Al-Qur'an 3:43
Al-Qur'an 22:77

            
(iii)  Prostration in the Bible

Genesis 17:3; Numbers 20:6
Joshua 5:14; Mathew 26:39

    
3.  Zakaah
        
A. Meaning: Purification and Growth
        
B.  Description: 2.5% of saving every lunar year in charity

Al-Qur'an 9:60

        
C. If every human being gives Zakaah, not a single person will die of hunger.
        
D. "Wealth does not circulate only amongst the wealthy and the rich"

Al-Qur'an 59:7

E.   I Peter 4:8
    
4.  SAUM - FASTING
        
A. Description – one lunar month i.e. during the month of Ramadaan every lunar year, Muslims fast, i.e. abstain from food and drinks from sunrise till sunset.
        
B.  Benefits: learn self restraint. If you can control your hunger you can control almost all your desires. It enhances spiritual awareness.

Al-Qur'an 2:183

        
C. Medical Benefits:
            
(a)  Increases absorption capacity of intestines
            
(b)  Lowers cholestrol.
        
D.  Discourages smoking, alcoholism and other addictions.
        
E. Bible prescribes Fasting

Mathew 17:21
Mark 9:29

    
5. HAJJ
        
A. Description – Pilgrimage atleast once in life time if you can afford it
        
B. Universal Brotherhood – 2.5 million people from all over the world gather, wear two pieces of unsewn cloth, preferably white. Cannot differentiate between rich and poor.

Al-Qur'an 49:13

        
C.  Significance of Kaaba – Muslims don’t worship it

Psalms 84:4-7


III. ISLAM IS A COMPLETE WAY OF LIFE

These five pillars do not constitute complete Islam. Only if the pillars are strong, will the structure be strong.
    
1. HUMANS CREATED TO WORSHIP ALLAH
        
A.  Jinn and Man created for worship of Allah

Al-Qur'an 51:56

        
B.  Meaning of Ibadaah – root word Abd meaning ‘slave’.
    
2.  OBEYING COMMANDMENTS OF ALLAH IS SUBMITTING YOUR WILL TO ALLAH
        
A.    Abstaining from alcohol

Al-Qur'an 5:90
Proverbs 20:1
Ephesians 5:18

        
B.  Abstaining from prohibited food

Al-Qur'an 5:5
Al-Qur'an 2:173, 5:3, 6:145, 16:115

            
(i) Dead meat

Leviticus 17:15
Deuteronomy 14:21

            
(ii) Blood

Genesis 9:4
Leviticus 17:14
Deuteronomy 12:16
I Samuel 14:33
Acts 15:29

            
(iii)  Pork is prohibited

Leviticus 11:7-8
Deuteronomy 14:8
Isaiah 65:2-5

            
(vi) Food on which names beside Allah have been invoked

Acts 15:29
Revelation 2:14

        
C.     
(i)   Being Honest in your Business
            
(ii)   Helping Neighbours

Al-Qur'an 107:1-7

            
(iii)  Abstaining from Backbiting

Al-Qur'an 104:1-3
Al-Qur'an 49:11-12
            

(iv)  Obeying and Respecting Parents

Al-Qur'an 17:23, 24

            
(v)   Celibacy or Monasticism is prohibited in Islam

Sahih Bukhari: Vol. 7 Book of Nikah, Chapter No. 3, Hadith No. 4

            
(vi)   Loving, being Kind and Just to your Wife

Al-Qur'an 4:19

            
(vii)  Abstaining from Adultery

Al-Qur'an 17:32

        
D.  Dressing Modestly
            
(i) 

Al-Qur'an 24:30
Mathew 5:27-28

            
(ii)     

Al-Qur'an 24:31

            
(iii) Six Criteria for Hijab in Islam

Deuteronomy 22:5
I Timothy 2:9 e.g. of Mary
I Corinthians 11:5-6

        
E.   Circumcision

Acts 7:8
John 7:22
Luke 2:21

        
F.  In short, every Muslim should follow all the Commandments of Allah (swt) and His Messenger Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and abstain from the things they have prohibited.
            
CONCLUSION
            
(a)  If Christian is a person who follows the teachings of Christ (pbuh) and not one who worships Christ (pbuh). (We are more Christian than the Christians themselves).
            
(b) Muslim is a person who submits his will to Allah.
Jesus (pbuh) said, "not my will but thy will be done." i.e. Muslim.
John 5:30


    

    

    
(c)

    
Al-Qur'an 5:82

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