#1 – What does Islam and Judaism say about Jesus (Peace be upon him)?
Islam – Regards Jesus (peace be upon him) among the five greatest Prophets. He was a Prophet who performed many miracles. His mother, Mary (Peace be upon her) was a virgin when she conceived him, and she is regarded as the leader of all women.
“Behold! The angels said: ‘O Mary! God giveth thee glad tidings of a Word from Him: his name shall be Jesus, the Messiah, the son of Mary, held in honor in this world and the hereafter and of those nearest to God. He shall speak to the people in childhood and in maturity. And he shall be of the righteous.’ She said ‘O my Lord! How shall I have a son when no man has touched me?’ He said ‘Even so; God createth what he willeth: when he hath decreed a matter, He only says ‘Be’ and it is!’” (Al-Quran 3:45-47)
Judaism – Regards Jesus (pbuh) as a sorcerer, a pedophile, and a stone-worshipper. They believe that right now, Jesus is rotting in hell. He is called a ‘bastard’ and a ‘son of niddah’ (one who was conceived during menstruation).
- He and his disciples practiced sorcery and black magic, led Jews astray into idolatry, and were sponsored by foreign, gentile powers for the purpose of subverting Jewish worship (Sanhedrin 43a).
- He was sexually immoral, worshipped statues of stone (a brick is mentioned), was cut off from the Jewish people for his wickedness, and refused to repent (Sanhedrin 107b; Sotah 47a).
- He learned witchcraft in Egypt and, to perform miracles, used procedures that involved cutting his flesh, which is also explicitly banned in the Bible (Shabbos 104b).
Gittin 57a. Says Jesus is in hell, being boiled in "hot excrement."
Sanhedrin 43a. Says Jesus ("Yeshu" and in Soncino footnote #6, Yeshu "the Nazarene") was executed because he practiced sorcery: "It is taught that on the eve of Passover Jesus was hung, and forty days before this the proclamation was made: Jesus is to be stoned to death because he has practiced sorcery and has lured the people to idolatry...He was an enticer and of such thou shalt not pity or condone."
(All references from the Talmud)
#2 How do both religions feel about Christianity and how do they treat Christians?
Islam – Considers Christianity to be a divinely revealed religion, along with Judaism, with Islam being the last revelation to mankind. Islam does not agree with the Trinity or the son ship of Jesus, however, these differences should only be debated verbally and never disrespectfully.
“Those who believe (in the Qu’ran), and those who follow the Jewish (scriptures) and the Christians and the Sabians, - any who believe in God and the Last Day, and work righteousness, shall have their reward with their Lord. On them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.” (Al Quran 2:62)
“And dispute ye not with the People of the Book, except in the best way, unless it be with those of them who do wrong, but say ‘We believe in the revelation which has come down to us and that which came down to you; our God and your God is One; and it is to Him we submit (in Islam)’” (Al-Quran 29:46)
Judaism – Considers that all Christians are going to hell and their books should be destroyed.
Dr. Israel Shahak of Hebrew University reports that the Israelis burned hundreds of New Testament Bibles in occupied Palestine on March 23, 1980 (cf. Jewish History, Jewish Religion, p. 21).
Rosh Hashanah 17a. Christians (minnim) and others who reject the Talmud will go to hell and be punished there for all generations.
Sanhedrin 90a. Those who read the New Testament ("uncanonical books") will have no portion in the world to come.
Shabbath 116a. Jews must destroy the books of the Christians, i.e. the New Testament.
#3 – What happens if you hurt someone in Islamic system and Jewish system of government?
Islam – The punishment for hitting a Muslim, or any person, is that retaliation should be equal. However, it is better for the victim to forgive:
“The recompense for an injury is an injury equal thereto (in degree): but if a person forgives and makes reconciliation, his reward is due from God: for (God) does not love those who do wrong.” (Al-Quran 42:40)
Judaism – If a gentile hits a Jew, the gentile must be killed.
Sanhedrin 58b. If a heathen (gentile) hits a Jew, the gentile must be killed.
Sanhedrin 57a . When a Jew murders a gentile ("Cuthean"), there will be no death penalty. What a Jew steals from a gentile he may keep.
#4 Various Passages from the Qu’ran and Talmud
“O mankind! Reverence your Guardian-Lord, Who created you from a single Person, created, of like nature, his mate, and from them twain scattered (like seeds) countless men and women; - reverence God, through Whom you demand your mutual rights, and reverence the wombs (that bore you): for God is always a watcher over you.” (Al-Quran 4:1)
“O mankind! We created you from a single (pair) of a male and female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another (not that you may despise each other). Verily the most honored of you in the sight of God is the most righteous of you. And God has full knowledge and is well acquainted (with all things).” (Al-Quran 49:13)
O you who believe! You are forbidden to inherit women against their will. Nor should you treat them with harshness, that you make take away part of their dowry you have given them, - On the contrary live with them on a footing of kindness and equity. If you take a dislike to them it may be that you dislike a thing, and God brings about through it a great deal of good (Al-Quran 4:19)
Gittin 69a . To heal his flesh a Jew should take dust that lies within the shadow of an outdoor toilet, mix with honey and eat it.
Shabbath 41a. The law regulating the rule for how to urinate in a holy way is given.
Yebamoth 63a. States that Adam had sexual intercourse with all the animals in the Garden of Eden.
Yebamoth 63a. Declares that agriculture is the lowest of occupations.
Sanhedrin 55b. A Jew may marry a three year old girl (specifically, three years "and a day" old).
Sanhedrin 54b. A Jew may have sex with a child as long as the child is less than nine years old.
Kethuboth 11b. "When a grown-up man has intercourse with a little girl it is nothing."
Yebamoth 59b. A woman who had intercourse with a beast is eligible to marry a Jewish priest. A woman who has sex with a demon is also eligible to marry a Jewish priest.
Abodah Zarah 17a. States that there is not a whore in the world that the Talmudic sage Rabbi Eleazar has not had sex with. On one of his whorehouse romps, Rabbi Eleazar learned that there was one particular prostitute residing in a whorehouse near the sea, who would receive a bag of money for her services. He took a bag of money and went to her, crossing seven rivers to do so. During their intercourse the prostitute farted. After this the whore told Rabbi Eleazar: "Just as this gas will never return to my anus, Rabbi Eleazar will never get to heaven."
Hagigah 27a. States that no Rabbi can ever go to hell.
Baba Mezia 59b. A Rabbi debates God and defeats Him. God admits the Rabbi won the debate.
Gittin 70a. The Rabbis taught: "On coming from a privy (outdoor toilet) a man should not have sexual intercourse till he has waited long enough to walk half a mile, because the demon of the privy is with him for that time; if he does, his children will be epileptic."
Gittin 69b. To heal the disease of pleurisy ("catarrh") a Jew should "take the excrement of a white dog and knead it with balsam, but if he can possibly avoid it he should not eat the dog's excrement as it loosens the limbs."
Pesahim 111a. It is forbidden for dogs, women or palm trees to pass between two men, nor may others walk between dogs, women or palm trees. Special dangers are involved if the women are menstruating or sitting at a crossroads.
Menahoth 43b-44a. A Jewish man is obligated to say the following prayer every day: Thank you God for not making me a gentile, a woman or a slave.